RHIOs: The Next Big Thing?

I've done a lot of reading this weekend about RHIOs.  RHIOs are Regional Health Infromation Organizations.

There are a number of reasons I've been doing my homework on this – and a primary one is that our region may have some opportunities to begin some collaborative work, and I think it's important that I understand as much as I can about some of the issues involved.   I've done some of this homework before – but there has been quite a bit written about this recently – so it was time to catch up.

Here's a short tour of some of the reading.  Let's start with some of the most recent information .. which is the transcript ( and video!) of the ONCHIT's most recent meeting:  November 29, 2005

Be sure to read the transcript.  It's very interesting .. and reveals some of the vision of the future of HIT.  Doug Henley shares an important point:

…about demographic data of a patient, registration data, and they walk into a hospital physician’s office and they want to rather than fill out the clipboard three different times, they say “my data is available on www dot whatever” or it may be on a memory stick and “here I give it to you or give you access to it”. So to reinforce my comments earlier about integration or interoperability, it is one thing to have the patient in this case in control of that information, which is great for updating purposes etc, but most places in the system now – forget the HRs for moment – have for want of a better word practice management systems in their electronic. What we don’t want to have happen is for that patient to show up with a memory stick with that data or a Web site and somebody to have to go to it and re-key it and re-enter that information. It has to be able to flow into other systems freely, interoperably, so that hands don’t have to touch it any more in terms of mistakes that could be made. That could be an EHR, it could be allergy information, it could be medication information, and we don’t want mistakes to be made so wherever the data is, it has to integrate across various sites of service and flow freely from point A to point B to point C."

Of course, this is self-evident.  But it's important that he says this – and that there seems to be concensus that this is what the government wants – and that the government will help to faciliate this vision. 

.. And here's an interesting little article on RHIO resistance.  CIOs – generally a cautious species – are not uniformly embracing RHIOs.

.. Ignacio Valdez recently wrote a rather thorough editorial on the topic:

 

"Does it bother anyone that for years, Health Information Technology (IT) successes implied by the news and even in casual conversation may largely be an illusion?"

 

I  don't always agree with him – but this time, Ignacio is right on target.  He points us to this old paper by Paul Starr:

Smart technology, stunted policy: developing health information networks — Starr 16 (3): 91 — Health Affairs

But some RHIOs are working well .. right?

Here's one physician's view of a RHIO that's in our backyard  – 50 miles South of Albany.

And of course the Massachusetts project has been quite successful.

So how can we make sure that our local efforts are successful?

Ther is ample guidance from the RHIOFederation -  which is a product of HIMSS

Nancy Lorenzi's excellent 2003 essay on strategies for creating successful local health information interface initiatives (LHII) .. reflects on some of the rare successful implementations in the last decade.  Some key points:

1. Building an LHII is more of a political process than a technology process.
2. Collaboration is achieved through consensus built on sharing and trust.
3. The LHII must be structured so that participation does not mean the loss of
power, control and/or status.
4. Being the champion for an LHII requires risk-taking behavior.
5. Participant acceptance comes in phases and requires knowledge of the
participants needs.
6. Creating an LHII will take time, both in the initial work and for the length of
time until it is the “new” way of working.

Beginning with some shared principles would be a good first step.  Without clear principles – any project is a rudderless ship. 

What might be some of these beginning principles?  

  • The RHIO will enhance the quality and efficiency of patient care
  • The RHIO will provide adequate security to protect against inappropriate access to PHI
  • The RHIO will be managed and coordinated transparently – so that trust and collaboration is fostered.

Hmm .. I've worked on this for a while .. time to post .. but I expect I'll add more to this.  Please use comments to make suggestions for changes or enhancements.